Non-Locality and Macroscopic Realism

At our next meeting on 23rd March at 8pm we will discuss the topic of non-locality and macroscopic realism in quantum mechanics and its philosophical implications. For this please have a look into the material provided below. There are different levels you can choose from.

Level 1
Read the Presentation on non-locality and macrosopic realism and have a look at the basis of Bell’s theorem as a background.

Level 2
Read the more in in-depth paper on Condition for macroscopic realism beyond the Leggett-Garg inequalities.

Level 3
Read the full contemplation on Bell’s Inequalities: Foundations and Quantum Communication.

The Theory of Memes

Our next meeting will be held on 9. January 2017 at 8pm in the Café der Provinz.
There Annie will present the theory of memes.

Please prepare and read and go through the provided information below.

Level 1
Read https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Meme
or watch this video https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6iHZi-z7H4o

Level 2
Watch https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HV9WEqLeBuo
or with this video with some additional theory https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fQ_9-Qx5Hz4

Level 3
Read the book Dawkins – The Selfish Gene for more detaild information

Gain-of-Function research

At our next meeting on 12.12. we will discus the topic of gain-of-function research.

Before going into the problem, I would like to remind you that my aim in presenting this topic is not to talk about details of procedures in this type of research, but rather to make it possible for you to have an ethical discussion on its justifiability.

Level 1
Read this short blog entry on GoF research giving little introduction, but focusing mainly on issues of publicizing these studies.
https://blogs.kcl.ac.uk/icsa/2016/01/11/gain-of-function-research-what-is-it-and-why-should-we-care/

Read this article explaining a bit of general aspects of GoF research and also giving suggestions on how the EU should approach the issue.
easac_gof_web_complete_centred

Level 2
Read this summary of a workshop held in 2014 explaining background, benefits and risks in a bit more detail.
https://www.nap.edu/read/21666/chapter/1

Level 3
Listen to this very long, very detailed Gain of Function Symposium held in March 2016, explaining and discussing very many details on the subject. (If you really want to listen to someone explaining the issue, I would suggest watching the session2:overview and/or the workshop summary video)
https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCBeoZcQRZ800s3bP2yJrFEw

Or read the also very long transcript of days 1 and 2 of the symposium.
https://de.scribd.com/document/307210831/GOF-2-Symposium-Day-1-Transcript

P vs. NP Problem

At our next meeting on 28th November we will discuss the P vs. NP problem of complexity theory presented by Thomas Zauner. There are several levels of readings.

Level 1
Watch this video explaining the basics about the P vs. NP problem and complexity theory.

Level 2a
Read this article explaining not only the concepts, but also shedding some light on recent developments in research.
http://cacm.acm.org/magazines/2009/9/38904-the-status-of-the-p-versus-np-problem/fulltext

Level 2b
Watch these excellent and well explained lecture video on an introduction complexity. 
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=moPtwq_cVH8
(For further studies see: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eHZifpgyH_4)

Level 3
For further reading consult the always-insightful Stanford encyclopedia of philosophy.
http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/computational-complexity/

Gödel’s incompleteness theorem

Responsible: Moritz Kriegleder

To read I have 3 levels of literature increasing in depth:

Level 1 Tall:

http://www.nytimes.com/2005/05/01/books/review/incompleteness-waiting-for-godel.html?_r=1

As a short introduction and a little historical background this will be the starting point of our discussion.
We all have a lot to do, so if you’ve read and thought about this, we can have a good chat.

Level 2 Grande:

http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/goedel-incompleteness/

As always I recommend the stanford library, mathematically precise but still a lot historical and philosophical context.
I will mainly talk about this text and if you want to, you can also have a look.

Level 3 Venti:

http://www.logicmatters.net/resources/pdfs/gwt/GWT2f.pdf

Goedel without tears is a really nice starting point for thorough understanding that helps people that dont know all set theorie
and theoretical informatics to tackle goedels points in a complete mathematical way. I started the book in summer and
really liked it but didnt have the time to finish it.

Level Goedel:
If these 200 pages are still not enough for you or you’re just interested in the OG paper,
here is the modern translation of the original text: http://www.research.ibm.com/people/h/hirzel/papers/canon00-goedel.pdf

Shut up and Contemplate! Symposium

The group of the Naturwissenshaftscafé is pleased to present its first public event. This is a one-day symposium on fundamental issues in science, to be held on the 3rd of March, 2017 at the Faculty of Physics of the University of Vienna.

Thanks to a list of invited speakers, and hopefully a broad audience with many different backgrounds, we will try to cover the important aspects of possible alternatives that scientific development has to face.

Therefore we will provide three sections according to three categories of problems: methodological positions, socio-political context and interpretations of theories – specifically quantum mechanics.

For a complete description of the event see:
https://shutupandcontemplatesymposium.wordpress.com/.