Social implications of AI

The next and last meeting for this semester will take place on the 30.6. at 18:00 at the Tunnel Vienna.
Since we probably don’t see each other till October, we figured it would be nice to have a “home exercise” for the summer (like last year). Therefore I’d like to ask you for suggestions. If there is any literature you think is interesting, let us know. On the next meeting we will then choose together which one we want to read over the summer. Besides that we also will send out a collection of all suggestions.

For our this times meeting Nino prepared the topic Social implications of AI. Please have a look at the literature provided:

1)
Kurzgesagt Video:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WSKi8HfcxEk
CGP-Grey Video:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7Pq-S557XQU
2)
Wait-But-Why Blog Part 1&2:
http://waitbutwhy.com/2015/01/artificial-intelligence-revolution-1.html
http://waitbutwhy.com/2015/01/artificial-intelligence-revolution-2.html
3)
Paper on AI-Safety:
https://arxiv.org/abs/1606.06565
“The focus of the discussion should not be if and how a general AI is technological feasible but on the social implications of automation and the rapid improvement of AI’s”

What is life? Are viruses alive?

The next meeting will take place on Fr 16.6. 18:00 again in Tunnel Vienna. This times topic will be: What is life? Are viruses alive? presented by Geli and Patrick.
Please read into and watch the materials provided in order for us to have a common basis of knowledge for the discussion:

Level 1:

Watch this video explaining in brief what Viruses are and discussing differences in organization compared to things perceived as alive.

Level 2:

Read these articles discussing how newly found giant viruses might alter our previous understanding of aliveness/alivehood/alivebeing?
level 3:
Read a physicists perspective on the subject in Erwin Schroedingers book: What is life? A book that is based on a course of lectures held in 1943.

Should we colonize Mars?

The next meeting will take place on Fr 2.6. at 18:00 again in Tunnel Vienna.
This times Topic will be: Should we colonize Mars?, prepared by Thomas.Please make use of the great amount of Literature Thomas provided and read into the topic so we can have a nice discussion:

Level 1 Fundaments
As basis for our discussion I take this article in the Jacobin Magazine on the difficulties of governing a future Mars colony:
A critical view on Space X’s endeavours of colonizing the red planet and their moral context:
Level 2 Background
A response on the Aeon article on Space X’s efforts and how space exploration can aid humankind:
More on the Jacobin Magazine article in an interview with the author:
For more on space fairing context, a somewhat blue-eyed but fun to read article on how we would colonize Mars as part three of a series of posts on space colonization by waitbutwhy:
Level 3 Moar, moar, moar!
Videos and articles on the context of space travel:

Decoherence, the quantum-to -classical transition

The next meeting will take place on Fr. 19.5. at 18:00 in Tunnel Vienna
Lana is going to present the topic:
Decoherence, the quantum-to -classical transition
To be able to participate in the discussion pleas read the literature provided :

level 1: 

Level 2: 

W. Zurek 2003: decoherence and the transition from quantum to classical – revisited
https://arxiv.org/abs/quant-ph/0306072Level 3: book 

M. Schlosshauer: Decoherence and the quantum to classical transition

Paul Feyerabend’s “against method”

The next meeting will take place on Fr 5.5. at 18:00 at the Tunnel Vienna Live and will be hosted by Moritz:

First, the plan was to cover current views in philosophy of science, because of the last discussion about the wiener Kreis and logical positivism. So I will try to be as recent as my knowledge permits and talk about Paul Feyerabend and his famous book “against method” (well, it was 1975 but I guess that’s recent in philosophy).

To discuss what came after logical positivism, please read a basic overview about Poppers Critical_rationalism https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Critical_rationalism (for those of you, who speak german please read the german one because it is much better).

This is necessary to understand Feyerabends criticism of science as ideology: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Epistemological_anarchism

And about his interesting life between physics and philosophy i recommend the 5. Chapter of https://plato.stanford.edu/entries/feyerabend/#FeyeLateWorkTowaRelaButThenBeyoIt.

Enjoy the reading and I’m looking forward to an interesting discussion!

Gödel’s incompleteness theorem

Responsible: Moritz Kriegleder

To read I have 3 levels of literature increasing in depth:

Level 1 Tall:

http://www.nytimes.com/2005/05/01/books/review/incompleteness-waiting-for-godel.html?_r=1

As a short introduction and a little historical background this will be the starting point of our discussion.
We all have a lot to do, so if you’ve read and thought about this, we can have a good chat.

Level 2 Grande:

http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/goedel-incompleteness/

As always I recommend the stanford library, mathematically precise but still a lot historical and philosophical context.
I will mainly talk about this text and if you want to, you can also have a look.

Level 3 Venti:

http://www.logicmatters.net/resources/pdfs/gwt/GWT2f.pdf

Goedel without tears is a really nice starting point for thorough understanding that helps people that dont know all set theorie
and theoretical informatics to tackle goedels points in a complete mathematical way. I started the book in summer and
really liked it but didnt have the time to finish it.

Level Goedel:
If these 200 pages are still not enough for you or you’re just interested in the OG paper,
here is the modern translation of the original text: http://www.research.ibm.com/people/h/hirzel/papers/canon00-goedel.pdf