The next meeting of NWC will take place on Thursday, January 24 at 20:00 in café Tunnel.
The next meeting of NWC (the last of 2018!) will take place on Tuesday December 11th at 20:00 in café Tunnel.
Following from previous discussions held at NWC, this time Toma will report on the ongoing debate about the new, controversial European initiative towards open access for scientific publications, “Plan S”.
- What is “Plan S” and why?
- Principles and guidelines of “Plan S”:
- And as a background, a couple of stories from Nature News:
There are many great projects and initiatives in our midst. From the Naturwissenschaftscafé itself to the THINK Conference, the BRCP, the Climate Action Students, and many more.
You have not heard of some of them and want to know more? That’s exactly the problem we want to tackle with our new initiative.
We want to create an online platform where we can collect all those amazing projects, such that people can easily engage and form new connections and fruitful collaborations.
For that we want to meet at the Naturwissenschaftscafé on Tue 27th Nov at 8pm at the Tunnel (Florianigasse 39, 1080) to discuss how to organize this platform together and to collect as many great projects as we can find.
Join us and help creating this connection platform and let us know if you know of any projects that you want to promote and that should be on there.
The video records of the Lecture Series on Scientific Realism are now available at:
The series took place in Summer Semester 2018 and consisted of 9 lectures delivered by prominent international physicists and philosophers on different interpretations of quantum mechanics, ranked in terms of their “degree of realism”. The initiative –completely organised by a group of students from Naturwissenshcaftscafé and sponsored by University of Vienna, IQOQI, CoQuS and VDS-P– garnered a great deal of success, reaching peaks of 170 participants.
This series of lectures aimed at fostering the attention towards foundations of physics, and, as Prof. Brukner pointed out in his introduction (see video [Teil 1]), initiatives of this kind might “strengthen the profile of the University of Vienna as one of the […] informal capitals of foundational questions in science”.
Further information on the lecture series on scientific realism:
The next meeting of NWC will take place on Tuesday, Nov 13th at 20:00 at the café Tunnel.
Flavio will introduce the topic “Indeterminism in classical and quantum physics“, based on this recent and very accessible paper by Nicolas Gisin: https://arxiv.org/abs/1803.06824
- In 2013 Amazon filed a patent in the US that describes a system that predicts what someone might order in the future and ship these items to them. The customer can then decide weather he wants to keep the items (retroactively buy them) or if doesn’t want them and send them back. If you are interested you can find the patent online at: http://pdfpiw.uspto.gov/.piw?PageNum=0&docid=08615473&IDKey=280960F32783&HomeUrl=http%3A%2F%2Fpatft.uspto.gov%2Fnetacgi%2Fnph-Parser%3FSect1%3DPTO2%2526Sect2%3DHITOFF%2526p%3D1%2526u%3D%25252Fnetahtml%25252FPTO%25252Fsearch-bool.html%2526r%3D1%2526f%3DG%2526l%3D50%2526co1%3DAND%2526d%3DPTXT%2526s1%3D%252522anticipatory%252Bpackage%252522%2526OS%3D%252522anticipatory%252Bpackage%252522%2526RS%3D%252522anticipatory%252Bpackage%252522
- As you probably all know Google changes its search results depending on who Google thinks is searching. In once was working on a seminar paper in my bachelor and had a hard time finding good material for it. So I asked my professor for material and he found by 5 minutes of Google searching a Phd thesis with exactly the topic I need. Obviously that was embarrassing for me so I tried to find the Phd thesis by myselfs, turns out even when I used the exact title of the thesis Google wasn’t showing my this thesis. This in only an anecdotal experience put it points out that whenever Google, Facebook, Netflix etc. personalize the content they show to someone they are leaving something out.
- The article: Yuval Noah Harari on big data, Google and the end of free will: https://www.ft.com/content/50bb4830-6a4c-11e6-ae5b-a7cc5dd5a28c
- China is introducing a so called Social credit system which assigns scores to its citizens depending on their behaviour and several other factors (friends, financial situation etc.). A low score leads to penalties such as a travel ban or slow internet. While the pervasiveness is unique to China comparable systems, albeit on much smaller scale, exist in many western countries. See https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Social_Credit_System and https://global.handelsblatt.com/politics/germany-mass-surveillance-social-credit-china-big-data-886786
- I also want to point out that this question about more than just big data, e.g. Germany has a so called “Dreigliedriges Schulsystem” which depending on when and how you graduated from school determines weather you can study or not.
- There is also the believe that this is a good thing and that we should use data for determining our future, this believe is called Dataism. This article: https://www.wired.co.uk/article/yuval-noah-harari-dataism is good introduction into it.
Our next, and last meeting this semester will be on the 20th of June at 19:00, this time we will meet at Tunnel Vienna. Moritz will present us “The Bayesian Brain”, a hypotheses of the field of cognitive science.
The Bayesian Brain Hypotheses: Is knowledge stored probabilistically in our brain?
A superficial but broad account of where Bayesian statistics can be used and a fun read.
A nice introductory text on how Bayes theorem is used to update knowledge and how it could be used to explain decision-making in our brain and basic psychological experiments.
Level CogSci debate:
A good account of the debate in cognitive science about the advantages/disadvantages of the Bayesian brain hypotheses, which was started by an article from Clark and supplemented by comments of researchers in the whole field from different perspectives.